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Title: Anti-triad legislations in Hong Kong: Issues, problems and development
Author(s): Lo, Tit Wing 
Author(s): Kwok, S. I.
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Springer
Journal: Trends in Organized Crime 
Volume: 16
Issue: 1
Start page: 74
End page: 94
One way to tackle triad societies is through effective legislation. The present article first describes and reviews the legislation dealing with triad activities in Hong Kong – The Societies Ordinance – and highlights the main issues and problems. Four issues are discussed, namely ambiguity in the definition of triad membership, doubtful neutrality of triad experts, outdated triad-related literature cited in the court, and the contradiction with human rights and freedom of expression. The article further examines the effect of the ordinance in suppressing triad activities and argues that the law is not very effective in penalizing senior triad members, thus justifying the need for a new legislation to contain the growth of triad activities and organized crime.
DOI: 10.1007/s12117-012-9180-2
CIHE Affiliated Publication: No
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