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Title: Drugs as soulmates: The construction and validation of a 12-item soulmate scale to measure substance addiction and loneliness
Author(s): Lo, Tit Wing 
Chan, Gloria Hong Yee 
Author(s): Yeung, J. W. K.
Lee, G. K. W.
Tam, C. H. L.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI
Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 
Volume: 17
Issue: 24
Substance users use substances to tackle psychological stress, frustrations, poor social support and poor-quality relationships. Such experience resembles seeking a soulmate for receiving comfort, a sense of security and satisfaction to relieve feelings of loneliness. Against this backdrop, the study aims to develop a Soulmate Scale to measure substance use and loneliness. Data were collected from 507 drug abusers between 18–71 years of age who were receiving drug addiction treatment in Hong Kong. Both exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted. Results show a valid and reliable scale with three factors: psychological release and shelter, staunch and supportive friendship, and spiritual solace and companionship. This study offers additional support for understanding the drug-taking experience of substance users from their perspective. The Scale provides a useful tool to assess the underlying reasons for substance users to persistently take drugs and formulate corresponding intervention plans to achieve drug abstinence.
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17249408
CIHE Affiliated Publication: No
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