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Title: Academic self-concept, global self-esteem, and social integration of students with special educational needs in higher education
Author(s): Ng, Anna Hoi Nga 
Boey, Kam Weng 
Issue Date: 2023
Conference: The 13th Asian Conference on Psychology & the Behavioral Sciences 
Inclusive education (IE) regulates that students with learning difficulties or with special educational needs (SEN) should study in the mainstream classrooms. Past research in the primary and secondary schools suggested that students with SEN showed lower self-concepts and experienced negative feelings about learning in mainstream classrooms. In the meantime, more and more students with SEN pursue their studies in higher education. Transition from secondary to tertiary education presents challenges and stress to many students, particularly students with SEN. This study examined academic self-concept, global self-esteem, and social integration of students with and without SEN. A questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, SEN status, and measuring instruments was put online to invite students’ participation. A total of 91 students with SEN and 458 students without SEN responded. The data showed that students with SEN showed satisfactory social integration. Compared with students without SEN, they were significantly lower in academic self-concept and inferior in global self-esteem. However, the difference was significant among female students, but not male students. Students with Type I disabilities (Physical and sensory impairments) were significantly higher in academic self-concept and global self-esteem than students with Type II disabilities (Learning difficulties and development disabilities) and Type III disabilities (Mental and emotional problems). Students with Type III disabilities were most vulnerable to poor academic self-concept and inferior global self-concept. Evidently, gender difference and types of disability should be taken into account in the implementation of IE. Limitations of the study were considered and implications of the findings discussed.
CIHE Affiliated Publication: Yes
Appears in Collections:HL Publication

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