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Title: Manga filling style conversion with screentone variational autoencoder
Author(s): Liu, Xueting 
Li, Chengze 
Author(s): Xie, M.
Wong, T. T.
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Association for Computing Machinery
Journal: ACM Transactions on Graphics 
Volume: 39
Issue: 6
Start page: 1
End page: 15
Western color comics and Japanese-style screened manga are two popular comic styles. They mainly differ in the style of region-filling. However, the conversion between the two region-filling styles is very challenging, and manually done currently. In this paper, we identify that the major obstacle in the conversion between the two filling styles stems from the difference between the fundamental properties of screened region-filling and colored region-filling. To resolve this obstacle, we propose a screentone variational autoencoder, ScreenVAE, to map the screened manga to an intermediate domain. This intermediate domain can summarize local texture characteristics and is interpolative. With this domain, we effectively unify the properties of screening and color-filling, and ease the learning for bidirectional translation between screened manga and color comics. To carry out the bidirectional translation, we further propose a network to learn the translation between the intermediate domain and color comics. Our model can generate quality screened manga given a color comic, and generate color comic that retains the original screening intention by the bitonal manga artist. Several results are shown to demonstrate the effectiveness and convenience of the proposed method. We also demonstrate how the intermediate domain can assist other applications such as manga inpainting and photo-to-comic conversion.
DOI: 10.1145/3414685.3417873
CIHE Affiliated Publication: Yes
Appears in Collections:CIS Publication

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