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Title: A CFD study of Hong Kong refuge floor design: Floor height effect
Author(s): Leung, Andrew Yee Tak 
Author(s): Lam, K. M.
Demirbilek, F. N.
Williamson, B. J.
Cheng, C. C. K.
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal: Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics 
Volume: 4
Issue: 3
Start page: 425
End page: 433
Since 1996, the provision of a refuge floor has been a mandatory feature for all new tall buildings in Hong Kong. These floors are designed to provide for the building occupants a fire safe environment that is also free from smoke. However, the desired cross ventilation on these floors to achieve the removal of smoke, assumed by the Building Codes of Hong Kong, is still being questioned so that a further scientific study of the wind-induced ventilation of a refuge floor is needed. This paper presents an investigation into this issue. The developed computational technique used in this paper was adopted to study the wind-induced natural ventilation on a refuge floor. The aim of the investigation was to establish whether a refuge floor with a central core and having cross ventilation produced by only two open opposite external side walls on the refuge floor would provide the required protection in all situations taking into account behaviour of wind due to different floor heights, wall boundary conditions and turbulence intensity profiles. The results revealed that natural ventilation can be increased by increasing the floor height provided the wind angle to the building is less than 90°. The effectiveness of the solution was greatly reduced when the wind was blowing at 90° to the refuge floor opening.
DOI: 10.1080/19942060.2010.11015329
CIHE Affiliated Publication: No
Appears in Collections:CIS Publication

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