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Title: Secondary school students' sexual attitude and their views on school-based sexuality education: A population-based study
Author(s): Ng, Anna Hoi Nga 
Boey, Kam Weng 
Author(s): Kwan, C. W.
Issue Date: 2023
Conference: The 3rd IAFOR Conference on Educational Research and Innovation 
Background: Students’ attitudes play an important role in the efficacy of school-based sexuality education (SBSE). A pilot study in Hong Kong suggested that demographic characteristics, religiosity, and spirituality were associated with students’ sexual attitudes and their views on SBSE.

Objectives: This study recruited a population-based sample of secondary school students to validate findings reported in the pilot study.

Method: A questionnaire was designed to collect data from a web-based survey. A total of 2240 secondary school students (mean age = 14.6, SD = 1.9; 63.2% were females) responded.

Results: Students were slightly liberal in sexual attitude. They were low in religiosity but high in spirituality. Consistent with findings reported in the West, a great majority (95%) of the students were supportive of SBSE. Male gender, older age, higher education, no religion affiliation were significantly associated with liberal sexual attitudes [F (1, 2238) = 9.13 to 144.93, p < .01 or less]. The relationships of demographic characteristics with attitude towards SBSE were negligible. Similar to Western findings, religiosity and spirituality were negatively associated with liberal sexual attitudes (r = -.35 and -.27 respectively, p < .01) but their positive relationships with attitude towards SBSE (r = .07 and .24 respectively p < .01) were different from the negative relationship reported in the West. The negative relationship between liberal sexual attitudes and attitude towards SBSE (r = -.19, p < .01) was another incongruent finding.

Conclusions: This study revealed similar findings reported in the West. Nonetheless, findings specific to the local setting were observed. Though the effect size of the incongruent findings was small, they were specific to the local sociocultural setting and need to be considered in the promotion of SBSE.
CIHE Affiliated Publication: Yes
Appears in Collections:HL Publication

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